Author Archives: Admin

Blog9516

Blog readers, do you see more in the news now than in the past reporting bad and harmful information about law enforcement?  I feel the police are being looked at under a microscope.  A very important paper is out now from Dr. Richard Johnson of the Raleigh NC DOLAN CONSULTING GROUP.  He reviews the scientific evidence on the following ideas:

a. Police Use of Lethal Force is an Epidemic.
b. Police use of Lethal Force is on the Rise.
c. Police are Killing Defenseless Unarmed People.
d. Police Use of Force Disproportionately Targets African-American Men.
e. Police Actions Pose a Substantial Threat to the Lives of African-American Men.
f. Implicit Bias is Driving Police Use of Deadly Force.
g. Excessive Force is linked to a lack of Diversity of Police Forces.

Next blog I will tell  you what he found.

Blog9216

Ever wonder if spanking you kid helped or not?  You are not alone.   Lots of people, including research scientists, have questioned that.  Now a meta-analysis of 75 studies of spanking and results is out, and discussed in the Sep. 2016 issue of SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN MIND.  It seems many questions remain about the effects of spanking.  The authors wrote “Studies continue to find that spanking predicts negative behavior changes    —there are no studies showing that kids improve …. ”  Please see that meta-analysis.  It appears the researchers were concerned with the impact of spanking on the kids adjustment, not the association with reduced delinquency and crime later in life.  I could be wrong.  This would make a great thesis for someone out there!

blog83116

The National Academy of Sciences has just released a set of FREE educational outlines that will help anyone teaching about scientific criminal justice issues, or methodology, to use to great advantage.  These are useful in teaching how policy makers can use scientific findings!!!!  Please see them.  They can be found at sites.nationalacademies.org/pga/scipol_ed_modules/index.htm

Thank you, National Academy of Sciences!!!!   And speaking of useful documents, if the readers of this blog do not yet have a copy of the “Final Report of the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing” get it now.  Go to  www.cops.usdoj.gov

 

 

Blog82916

We have summarized the research from the Johnson paper,

What should we conclude?  Johnson pointed out that there are roughly 385,000,000 police citizen contacts, and 11,205,833 arrests per year.  Those actions involve 48,315 officers assaulted and 990 suspects killed.  We know the conditions that encourage kids to avoid crime and to contribute to society.  Let’s follow the research and help the kids from early age to be good citizens.  Educators: that means Ethics Courses.  Also, Johnson did not argue, nor do I, that police are never wrong.  Evil things happened so we should improve and increase our research into causes and expand our human relations training in our police academies.

Blog826616

Continuing the research regarding police use of force, per paper by Richard Johnson see prior blogs.

Excessive Force is linked to a lack of Diversity of Police Forces:  The US Dept. of Justice reported 12.2 % of police are African American, 11.6 % are Hispanic and 3.5% are other non-white.  The US Census Bureau reports African Americans make up 12.6% of our population, and Hispanics are 16.3% of the US population.  Also, many of the major cities have police forces that are a majority non-white. If it is not a lack of diversity, what is associated with police use of force and the number of police assaulted or murdered?  Johnson shows it is the level of violent crime in the area.

 

Blog82416

Continuing the research regarding police use of force, per paper by Richard Johnson see above.

Implicit Bias by Police drives Deadly Force:  Citing a review of 46 research studies involving 5,600 subjects, Johnson reported an absence of research findings of racially prejudicial behavior.  He pointed out that the research showed police drew their guns, fired or accidently shot White suspects more than African American suspects.

Blog82216

Continuing our review of the Dolan Consulting Group, Dr. Richard Johnson, paper:

Police Use of Lethal Fore disproportionately Targets African American Men:  Using CDC and the Washington Post data, Johnson reports African American men are 14.4 time more likely to die in a traffic accident than from the police.  They are 27.4 times more likely to be murdered than killed by police.

Blog81916

Continuing our review of the Dolan Consulting Group, Dr. Richard Johnson, paper:

Police target African-American men: Johnson reports “…258 of the 990 individuals killed by the police in 2015 were African – American , all but 10 of which were male.  So that means 25% of those who died from police use of force in 2015 were African American men and 1% were African American women.  On the other hand, 468 (47.3%) of those killed by police in 2015 were White (non-Latino) males and 26 (2.6%) were white (non-Latino) females.  In other words, almost twice as many non-Latino Whites died from police use of force as did African-Americans” (page 7).

Blog81716

Recall in an earlier  blog we identified the several issues raised by the Dolan Consulting Group about police use of force and the perception held by the public.  Here is one of his issues.

Police kill unarmed people:  Armed cannot mean only citizens with a gun or knife.  If unarmed can mean citizens on the attack with other than a gun or knife, then unarmed citizens kill 3,000 people a year.  That definition, ignoring motor vehicles, clubs, and hands used by assailants means 11% of police killed were by unarmed citizens and 9.3 percent of those killed by police were “unarmed”.

Blog81516

Recall in our last blog we identified the several issues raised by the Dolan Consulting Group about police use of force and the perception held by the public.  Here is one of his issues.

Deaths by police are on the rise:  Center for Disease Control shows a decline from 2012-2014 with an average decline of 3.3% per year.  These deaths are only a fraction of what it was in previous decades.